The Ranakpur Temple is acclaimed all over the world for their intricate and superb architectural style. This temple is one of the five major shrines of Jains. Located in Ranakpur village near Sadri city in Pali district of Rajasthan, Ranakpur temple is located at a distance of 95 kilometers north of Udaipur city. The temple can easily be reached from Udaipur city because regular buses are easily available. Built in the 15th century, Ranakpur temple is known for being the largest and important temple of the Jain cult.
It is said that the temple was built by Seth Dhana Sah (a Jain practitioner) with the help of Rana Kumbha, who ruled Mewad in the 15th century. Ranakpur was named after Rajput Emperor, and in the same way the temples were named. Temple complex is situated in a separate valley in the western part of the Aravali range. The Jain temple of Ranakpur is definitely reliable for its magnificent architecture. This temple is fully made of light colored marble and contains a basement in the area of 48000 sq ft. There are more than 1400 beautifully carved pillars which support the temple.
There are several temples in the premises, including the Chumukha temple, the Parshvanath temple, the Amba Mata Mandir and the Sun Temple. Among all these, the Chumukha temple is the most important and as it is known from the four-word words, this temple is a four-face. The Chamukha temple is dedicated to Lord Adinath, which is ‘Tirthankar’ before Jains. The structure of the temple is highly mixed, with four different doors to go to the rooms. These rooms eventually take you to the main hall, where the image of Adinath is located.
The four-headed image also symbolizes the discovery of the Tirthankara for four directions and ultimately the universe. The image is surrounded by many small temples and domes. Another chain of cells with different roofs surrounds these temples and becomes dome again everywhere. Five spiers rise above the walls and up to about 20 pillars of the pillars of the hall. Each peak has a temple and the largest temple is important which addresses the central altar. The temple’s ceilings are equipped with lattice scrollwork and geometric patterns.
The temple is an excellent example of architecture and is not less than four additional temples. It has 24 pillars with 80 columns supported by 400 columns. The upper and lower part of the domes has been attached to the brackets in which there are idols of the deities. Above all, you will be amazed at the height of 45 feet playing flutes in different dance postures. Each column is carved and it is amazed to know that there are no two columns with the same design.
Apart from this, another amazing thing about these pillars is that they change their color from golden to yellow blue every hour during the day. In Mandap (Prayer Room), two large bells of 108 kg produce a harmonic sound in the movement. The Chamukha temple is made like a Nalinigulam vimana (heavenly plane) and gives this entire structure a celestial look. Certainly, it is due to the intensity of the structure that the temple took about 65 years to complete.
The temple of Parshvanath is another attraction which is worth seeing. In the middle of the 15th century, this temple is famous for its inscribed windows embellished with jain shapes. Parshvanath temple is also known as the temple of Patrion. From this temple, you can find two other temples dedicated to Neminath (22nd saint) and Sun Narayan (Sun God), respectively. Here, the Surya Narayana Temple has a number of concrete walls with circular structure. The sight of Lord Sun, riding in his chariot of seven horses, is really pleasing.
The temple of Ranakpur was nominated for the new seven wonderful wonders of the world and was nominated in the top 77 wonders. However, the number of wonders can not be increased and some or other will come in the top seven, yet the temple of Ranakpur is undoubtedly a surprise. If you are on Udaipur’s journey, do not miss this artistic temple, which will be an unforgettable part of your beautiful memories.