Dilwara Jain Temple Mount Abu
Dilwara Jain Temple is one of the world’s famous Jain temples for its extraordinary architecture and marvelous marble carvings, some experts consider it architecturally superior to the Taj Mahal. It seems to be a very basic temple outside, but every cloud has a silver lining, the interior of the temple shows the extraordinary work of human craftsmanship in its best form. These temples were built between the 11th and 13th century AD, the beautiful green hills surrounded by the temple gives a very pleasant feeling. The decorative details of marble stone carving are phenomenal and unmatched, fully carved ceilings and columns are wonderful. All this was done at a time when no transport or road was available at the height of 1200+ mt in Mount Abu, the vast segments of marble stones were taken to the elephant bench from the Arasuri hills in Ambaji, the remote mountainous region of Mount Abu. Dilwara Temple is also a popular Jain pilgrimage attraction.
The Dilwara Temple complex consists of five major sections or temples dedicated to five Jain Tirthankars (saints):
- Shri Mahavir Swamy Temple – This temple was built in 1582 and it is dedicated to Lord Mahavir of Jain’s 24th Tirthankar, this temple is relatively small, in the upper walls of the temple, there are pictures of porch painted by Sirohi artisans in the year 1764.
- Sri Adinath Temple or Vimal Vaasahi Temple – This temple was built in 1031 AD by Solanika ruler of Gujarat, Vimal Shah, this temple is the oldest in all and dedicated to Shri Adinath Ji – the first one is the temple, the temple is open all The courtyard surrounded by corridors decorated with beautiful marble stones. The cells inside this temple have small images of Jain saints, who have been carved artifacts on marble stones. The interior dome is decorated with flowers and petals of design, the huge hall of the temple’s pillars is decorated with carved work of female figures playing musical instruments. There is also “Good Pavilion” in the temple – an ordinary hall decorated with pictures of Shri Adi Nath.
- Shri ParshavNath Temple or Khartar Vasthi Temple – This temple was built in 1458-59 AD. In the middle of this was built by the Mandapa’s tribe, this temple has four large pavilions along with the largest temple. The carving on the pillars of this temple is another example of the superiority of the architecture of these Jain temples.
- Sri Rishabhodji Temple or Pithalahar Temple – This temple is known as Pithalahri / Pithalhar Temple because most of the idols in this temple are constructed using its pistol (brass metal). This temple was built by Bhima Shah, which was a minister of the Gujarat Dynasty, like other temples of Dilwara, there are also Guddu Manda and Navchauki in this temple.
- Sri Nemiathji Temple or Luna Vasahi Temple – This temple was built in 1230. Two brothers, known as Tejpal and Vastuppal, had dedicated this temple to the 22nd saint of Jain religion – Mr. Namnath Nathji. In this temple, there is a hall named Manda, which has small idols of three hundred sixty (360) Jain statues, which are made on marble. The idol of Shri Neminath Ji is made of black marble. The pillars of this temple were constructed by Maharana Kumbh of Mewar.
Dilwara Jain temple is open from 12 P.M. 5 p.m. from Free for tourists and no photography is allowed inside the temple premises.