Chittorgarh Fort Rajasthan
Chittorgarh Fort is credited with being the largest fort in India. The huge fort is situated on a high hill near the Gangetic river in Chittorgarh. Chittorgarh Fort is located at a distance of 112 km from Udaipur city of Rajasthan. This fort was built by the various Mauryan rulers in the 7th century. This huge fort is spread over an area of 700 acres, which is 3 km long and 13 kilometers in peripheral length. Standing on a 180 m high hill, three battles have been observed in the impregnable fort.
The Chittaurgarh fort is actually a symbol of the darshan and pride of Rajputs. The fort has a long story of romance, courage, determination, and sacrifice. A glimpse of the fort still thinks about the glory of those Rajputs who lived here. The grand fort has well-designed palaces, magnificent Sainautiefs, and huge towers. The Fort of Chittorgarh has a large structure that is protected by its many strong gates.
Chittorgarh Fort is the admirer of the courage of Raja Rajput rulers, who sacrificed their lives to face the main rivals instead of surrender to them. The history of this majestic fort can be traced in the time of Khilji. It is said that Chittorgarh Fort was the capital of Gehlot and Sisodia kings who ruled Mewad between the 8th and 16th centuries. The fort was named after Chitrangad Maurya.
The fort was attacked three times and it was saved every time from the courageous bravery of Rajput warriors. In 1303, for the first time, Allauddin Khilji attacked the fort with Rani Padmini to fulfill her wish. The second time, the fort was sacked by Sultan Bahadur Shah of Gujarat in 1535. In 1567, the last time the Mughal emperor Akbar was assaulted to win Maharana Uday Singh. Every time, a Johar (mass suicide) was seen and the royalty women never presented themselves.
This huge fort is accessible through seven vast gates (poles), which includes strong iron spikes and was used as a watchtower in earlier times. The path of Chittorgarh fort will take you through the streets of Christchurch, which will be interrupted at intervals by seven huge poles (entrance door). The biggest door that will come before you is ‘Ram Pol’ (the gate of Lord Ram) which has a temple around it. While climbing forward, you will find two Senate with a pedal pole. They are dedicated to Sainotif Jamal and Kala, who was killed by Akbar in the battle of 1567.
In your way, you will find the pedal pole, Bhairon Pol, Ganesh Pol, Jhola Poll, Laxman Pol, and Hanuman Pole. Next, to the Padan Pol, there is a memorial which was built in the memory of Rawat Bagh Singh. He was the one who, together with King Vikramaditya, got ready to fight with Sultan Bahadur Shah. Bhairon Pol was nominated to remember Bhairandas Solanki, who fought in the battle against Sultan Bahadur Shah in 1534. However, the main entrance to the fort is Suraj Pol (Sun door).
In addition to these large gates, there are many castles including the Rana Kumba palace and the palace of Padmini, which are the wonders of Rajput architecture. The Palace of Padmini is the same palace which was in the service of Ratan Singh’s beauty queen. Rana Kumba Palace is the place where there are underground basements where Rani Padmini had ‘Jauhar’ with children and other women in the house.
There are many temples in the fort which include the Samendeshwar Temple, Jain Temple, Kalika Mata Mandir, Nilkanth Mahadev Temple, Meerabai Temple, and Kumbh Shyam Mandir. These are ancient temples in which there are remarkable carvings and complex works. Gaumukh Reservoir and Bhimtal Tank are other places of interest. Gauphak Reservoir is a huge water well in which the water of the cow’s mouth-shaped rock gets water. In the water of this reservoir, Allauddin was allowed to see the reflection of Rani Padmini, which led to the entire battle.
Above all, there are towers in the fort which reflect the glorious history of the Rajput rulers. Vijay Column and Kirti Column are the most famous to celebrate the victory of Rajputs. Kirti Column is the tower that literally means ‘Tower of Fame’ Built in the 12th century, this tower is dedicated to the first Jain theologian Adinath Ji. Kirti Colony is a seven-storied structure with a height of 22 meters. The 54 steps can be reached from the narrow stairs and reached to various floors. The tower is decorated with statues of Jain Pantheon.