Adhai-Din Ka Jhonpra ajmer
Adhai Din ka Jhonpra is a mosque built within two and a half days from the order of Mohammed Goori. Sultan ordered the mosque to be built within 60 hours, and the workers worked day and night but were able to build only one screen wall so that Sultan could offer his prayers.
Adhai Din ka Jhonpra under Chauhan Dynasty
During the period of Chauhan dynasty, there was a Sanskrit college built by Vigrahraj IV, which was also known as Visaldev, who belonged to Shakambhari Sakhman or Chauhan dynasty. The college was made in the square shape and a dome-shaped pavilion was made on every corner of the building. There was also a temple dedicated to Goddess Saraswati.
Prithvi Raj Chauhan
The construction of the building includes the characteristics of Hindu and Jain architecture. Some historians say that the Masjid was constructed by the materials used after the destruction of some old and abandoned Hindu temples. Others say Sanskrit College was a college of Jains. Local people say that Seth Viramdev built a college to commemorate the welfare of the Panchayat. After the defeat of Prithvi Raj Chauhan III by Mohammed Gori in the second battle of Tarain, the mosque was built.
Adhai Din ka Jhonpra under Delhi Sultanate
After defeating Prithvi Raj Chauhan III, once Mohammed Ghori was passing through Ajmer and he saw many temples, he ordered his slave named Qutubuddin Aibak to build a mosque so that he could pay prayers. Sultan also ordered that the mosque is built within two and a half days.
The workers worked hard and were able to create a screen wall, where Sultan could pray. According to an inscription, the mosque was completed in 1199. The successor of Qutubuddin Aibak, Iltumish built a curtain wall with the arch and inscriptions on it. In inscriptions, the name of Eltumish and Supervisor is Ahmed ibn Muhammad al-Arid.
The history behind the name
The name of the mosque is an ill-fated din, which means two-and-a-half day sheds. There are many things related to the name of the mosque. According to a legend, man’s life is two and a half days on Earth. Historians say that in the ancient times the fair was held for two and a half days.
Other beliefs say that during the Maratha era, the fakir had come to celebrate urs and hence the mosque was called as jhonpra. Since the urs were organized for two and a half days, so the mosque was named as adhai din ka jhonpra.